Kinds of Flooring

Helena Flooring Pros greatly impact how a room looks, feels, and functions. It is essential to understand the different types of flooring available, including their cost and durability.


Buying a new floor is an investment, so consider your lifestyle and budget before choosing a type of flooring. To boost your savings, consider ways to cut back on extra expenses like cable TV, bottled water, or coffeehouse drinks.

Wood flooring adds warmth and character to a space. It is available in a variety of colors, cuts and species. Hardwood floors have a natural durability that ages beautifully. It is easy to maintain and can be sanded down when necessary. When selecting your hardwood floors, be sure to consider how they will hold up to the level of traffic in the room. Hardwoods with a high Janka hardness rating, such as hickory, are better suited for areas that experience high volumes of traffic because they resist scratches and dents.

When it comes to choosing a wood floor, there are many factors to consider: the type of tree, growing characteristics, age and grain pattern all affect how your floors will look. The color of the wood will depend on its exposure to sunlight and other environmental conditions. Hardwoods that are more photosensitive, such as cherry, can darken when exposed to sunlight.

The first step in creating wood flooring is to saw the logs into planks. Then, they are dried to a consistent moisture content before they are milled. The milling process includes a series of cuts that make the planks even and smooth. Next, a tongue and groove system is cut into the planks to allow them to fit together snugly. Finally, the planks are sanded by hand or machine to create a smooth surface that is ready for staining.

There are two types of wood flooring: solid and engineered. Solid wood has traditional hardwood on its surface, while engineered wood has plywood or HDF as a core. Solid wood flooring can be made in wider widths than engineered wood, but the wide planks may require more nails and glue to prevent warping over time.

Both solid and engineered wood have natural benefits that make them popular options. However, solid wood requires more trees than engineered wood to produce the same amount of flooring, so it is important to choose a sustainable supplier when selecting your floors. Hardwoods can be reclaimed, reused or recycled at the end of their lifespan and are biodegradable.


Tile is a sturdy flooring material that works well in any room. It’s available in a wide variety of patterns, colors and textures and can be used to create unique design features in kitchens and bathrooms. It’s also moisture resistant and requires very little maintenance to keep it looking new.

Depending on the type of tile chosen, it may have a natural or synthetic look. Ceramic tile is created from baked clay and is the most popular. It’s often glazed and comes in a multitude of colors. Porcelain tile is denser than ceramic and is fired at higher temperatures. It’s often glazed, as well, and available in many different colors and patterns.

Other types of tile include stone, natural brick and terra-cotta tiles. These are often textured and provide a warmer feel to the floor. Some are even designed to resemble wood planks, making them a good option for those who want the warm look of wood without the upkeep concerns.

Tile is extremely durable and resists scratches and stains. It’s also impervious to extreme temperature fluctuations, which protects the subfloor from warping and rot. Its moisture resistance prevents the buildup of fungus, viruses and other bacteria that can cause health issues in some people. Additionally, glazed tile doesn’t require the use of toxic chemical cleaners.

One downside to tile is that it may make your feet colder in the winter, although heated floor systems can be installed for a more comfortable feel. And while it’s easy to clean, it can be difficult to maintain in high-traffic areas if there are a lot of dropped items.

A tile’s thickness plays a role in its appearance, as thicker tiles are better suited to floors where they can endure heavy traffic. Other factors that affect how a tile will appear on the floor are its layout, installation method and grout. Tile can be laid in a variety of patterns, including herringbone, offset, stacked or in a mosaic. It can also be shaped into rectangles, hexagons and other non-square shapes. It’s important to consider all of the options before deciding on a tile flooring type for your home.


Cork flooring is a popular choice among those who want to go green. Harvested from the bark of the cork oak tree without harming the tree, it’s a renewable resource that’s also one of the most environmentally friendly flooring materials available. It’s an excellent insulator, cutting noise and maintaining a steady room temperature.

The honeycomb cellular structure of the bark contains a high amount of air, giving it a soft and cushiony feel underfoot. It’s great for areas where people stand a lot, like kitchens, and helps reduce back pain. It’s also shock absorbent, protecting against falls and injuries from dropped dishes. This makes it a good choice for children’s rooms and older residents who are prone to falling.

Its natural water-resistance also means that it’s easy to clean. A broom, mop or vacuum (on the bare floor setting) can wipe up most spills and dust, but it’s important to use non-toxic cleaners and avoid any abrasive scrub brushes or abrasive pads as these could cause scratches. It’s also important to seal your cork with a clear coat finish at least once a year to protect it from moisture and staining, especially if you have a light colored floor.

A water-based clear coat finish will also help the color of your cork flooring remain consistent over time. Solvent finishes tend to yellow the floor, but water-based products allow the natural lightening of the cork to show through.

Cork floors are very durable and can withstand a great deal of wear and tear. They’re not as scratch-resistant as hardwood, but they’ll bounce back from furniture marks and other impact damage much better than other types of flooring. Cork is also very quiet, as the cellular structure cuts sound transmission between rooms and within a room.

The best part about cork is that it’s often DIY friendly, as panels are available in a click-together application and sit on top of nearly any smooth surface. However, for complicated or sizable installations, we recommend enlisting the expertise of an experienced cork installer and their specialized tools to ensure that your project is a success.


Flagstone is a beautiful and durable flooring option. It adds a rustic and natural look to any outdoor area, and it’s available in many different colors and sizes. It’s a popular choice for walkways, patios, and exterior features of the home. It’s also easy to maintain, and it can withstand the elements and traffic of an active household.

While it may seem difficult to choose the right type of flagstone for your floor, there are some simple steps you can take to ensure that you’re getting the best value for your money. The first step is to consider your needs. Think about how much foot traffic you’ll have and whether you need to accommodate wheelchairs or strollers. You should also consider the size of your space and what kind of aesthetic you want. Then, you can decide which color and finish will suit your needs best.

When choosing a flagstone, it’s important to consider how rough or smooth you want your floors to be. Some flagstones are very rough and have a natural, earthy texture, while others are more refined and have a smooth surface. The shape and texture of the flagstone will also affect how durable it is. Rougher surfaces are more prone to damage, so they’re not suitable for areas that will see a lot of traffic.

The finish of your flagstone will also play a role in how your floor looks. There are several different finishes that you can choose from, including tumbled, broken, and pillowed edges. These textures give the floor a worn, traditional look, and they can be used to create an authentic aged appearance. You can also have your stone floor brushed or acid treated to create a more subtle and modern appearance.

The final stage of installation is to fill in the gaps between your pavers with sand or pea gravel. This will help to protect the underlying material from water damage and prevent weeds from growing in between the stones. You should also seal your flagstone once it’s been grouted to help preserve its durability and color. It’s also a good idea to sweep the floor on a regular basis and clean it with mild soap and warm water.

How Hard Floor Refinishing Can Extend the Life of Your Floors

Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ is a good option for floors that have major scratches or dings. Deep gouges may need to be filled with wood putty after sanding.

Hard Floor Refinishing

Polyurethane finishes are available in oil-based and water-based versions. Oil-based products dry slowly and emit nasty odors. The water-based options dry quicker but still have a tendency to show imperfections.

Hardwood floors can last a lifetime, but they need to be well cared for to stay beautiful. Refinishing your hardwood floors can keep them looking new. In some cases, refinishing can even extend the life of your floors by several decades. Unlike resurfacing, which may involve the removal of floorboards, refinishing is simply the application of a new coat of finish. While this process is simple in theory, a quality job requires careful attention to detail.

Before you begin, it’s important to remove any furniture from the room. This will allow you to see the floorboards more clearly and make repairs as needed. It’s also a good idea to vacuum or sweep the floor thoroughly, as this will help get rid of dust and dirt that may mar your final product. It’s also important to check for protruding nails, which should be hammered down. Finally, make sure the room has a fan and open windows to ventilate it.

During your first sanding pass, it’s a good idea to mark the area that has already been sanded with a pencil so you don’t accidentally resand the same areas again. You can also draw lines on the floor to help you find and identify areas that need additional sanding. After your first sanding pass, clean the floor thoroughly again to make sure that you have removed all of the dust left behind from your work.

For the second sanding pass, you’ll want to use an 80-grit sanding pad on your buffer to smooth out any scratches or rough spots from the first sanding. Once again, be careful not to sand too deeply, or you could damage the floorboards. Finally, a third and final sanding pass with a 100-grit sanding screen on your buffer will leave your floor looking like new.

Once your floors are sanded, it’s time to choose your finish. Many homeowners choose a water-based polyurethane, but oil-based options are available as well. Water-based polyurethanes are easy to apply and dry quickly. However, they are prone to yellowing over time. Oil-based options, on the other hand, dry more slowly but last much longer. They also provide a richer color and are better for staining.


Staining is the process of coloring the cedar or oak boards to your preferred color. There are many different stains to choose from. It is important to use a stain that is low in VOCs (volatile organic compounds) and oil-based so that it will be durable and last for a long time. The best stains will also be easy to clean and dry quickly. After the stain has dried, it is ready for a topcoat of polyurethane. The topcoat of polyurethane will protect the floor and give it a nice shine. It will be important to apply several coats, letting each one dry in between. Water-based polyurethanes can be used on floors, but they must be sanded between each coat to get a smooth finish. Oil-based polyurethanes are more durable, but they can take a longer time to dry.

Before applying the new topcoat, it will be a good idea to lightly sand the boards again with 80-grit sandpaper. This will make the surface of the wood very smooth and help the polyurethane adhere to it better. It is also a good idea to sand the edges of the boards so that they will be less likely to chip or splinter.

Once the sanding and staining are complete, it is a good idea to vacuum and sweep the floors to remove any remaining dust or dirt. Then, the floor can be wiped down with a clean rag and a little mineral spirits to remove any grease or oil. After this, the floors can be buffed with a sander or buffing machine to get a beautiful, shiny finish.

If you want to refinish your hardwood floors, it is a good idea to ask a professional to do it for you. Refinishing can be messy and requires a lot of patience, so it is not a project that should be done on your own. There are many advantages to hiring a professional, including the fact that they have the right equipment for the job and the experience to get it done correctly.


Sealing is the final step to protecting your new hardwood floors. It helps to keep them beautiful and looking new while protecting them from moisture, wear and tear, and UV damage. Choose a water- or oil-based polyurethane. A low-VOC (volatile organic compound) finish is best if you have sensitive indoor air quality. It takes about 24 hours for the finish to dry completely. You should wear protective footwear, such as sneakers or rubber boots, while working with this type of finish to prevent slipping and tripping. Also, cover your shoes and nose with a respirator that has organic vapor canisters to avoid breathing the finish fumes.

To test how well the finish protects your floors, mask off two 6-by-6-inch areas on the floor. Clean the area and roughen a small area with a 120-grit screen. Then apply a coat of polyurethane and let it dry. When dry, scrape the surface with a coin. If the wood is protected, no residue should come up. If it does, the refinishing process will need to be repeated.

You can use a natural-bristle brush for oil-based urethane or a synthetic brush for water-based urethane. You can also purchase an applicator pad attached to a long handle for applying the finish. Apply the first coat slowly and thinly, so you don’t get lap marks. Then apply additional coats until your floor is smooth and shiny.

Whether you decide to refinish or resurface your wood floors, it’s important to do your homework and have an experienced contractor on hand to guide you. A professional will have the right sanding and staining equipment as well as high-quality finishing products. They can help you make the best decision based on the current condition of your wood flooring and your personal aesthetic.

A solid wood floor can be refinished four or five times before it’s time to replace it. Resurfacing is much less expensive than refinishing, but it doesn’t offer the same dramatic improvement. If you want to save money and still bring your old wood floors back to life, resurfacing may be the right option for you.


When the refinishing process is complete, it’s time to install the new finish. First, the floor is thoroughly cleaned using a degreasing product like TSP or hot water and bleach. Then, the floor is vacuumed to remove dust and debris. If the room is being remodeled, this is also the time to install trim or paint. This is not included in refinishing, and homeowners should check with their contractor to see what is expected.

Before the installation begins, all furniture must be moved out of the room. The refinishing company will usually charge for this, but homeowners can save $20 to $50 per room by handling it themselves. They should also ask the refinishing company what their policy is on area rugs. Most will allow rugs to be put back on the floor after the finishing coats have dried, but it is best to wait a few days before doing so.

In some cases, the refinishing process may be enough to correct a problem with the wood that can’t be addressed any other way. For example, if the wood is prone to cupping (which is often caused by water damage), sanding will even out the planks. In other cases, a deep gash or ding can be filled with trowel filler after the sanding stage. This will fix the problem and make the floor look good, but it is not a long-lasting solution.

Many people confuse refinishing with resurfacing, and this is understandable since the two processes are similar. However, the difference is important: refinishing involves stripping the old finish off the wood, and resurfacing uses a machine to rough up the surface of the existing finish. Resurfacing is much less labor-intensive, but it will not last as long as refinishing.

The type of polyurethane used is another important consideration. Most contractors will use a water-based formula because it stays clear longer than oil-based finishes. However, some customers prefer the smell and durability of oil-based urethane.

A refinisher will usually apply three coats of polyurethane, although some will go as high as four. Homeowners should also pay attention to the color of the urethane they choose. If the flooring is light-colored, for example, a natural or amber-colored finish will look better than a white-based one.

Tips For Drywall Installation

Drywall installation at Jamaica Works is a great way to finish a room in your home or office. There are a few things to remember regarding this type of work. You need to consider the size and thickness of the material you use. You also want to look into the cost of the project. When you are putting together a budget for a home renovation, including the drywall installation cost. The best way to figure out exactly how much this project will cost you is to estimate the size of your room and how thick the drywall is.

Drywall Services

Drywall is a great solution for any home. It is highly recyclable, energy-efficient, and can last 30 to 75 years with proper care. However, the price can quickly add up. For instance, installing sheetrock can cost between $0.24 and $25 per square foot. This number can change depending on the thickness, which can make it difficult to budget.

The cost will be higher for a drywall installation that’s not done by a professional. There is also more work to do. To get started, your contractor must prepare the area, install the drywall, and cleanup.

The thickness of drywall is an important decision since the wrong thickness can cause problems with your home improvement project. Fortunately, there are several drywall thickness options available, so you should be able to find something that will fit your needs.

The most common drywall thickness is half an inch, but other options exist. Each has its own benefits and applications. For example, 5/8 inch drywall is thicker and heavier than other types, but it’s great for soundproofing.

Another option is 3/8-inch drywall, which is a bit thinner and more flexible than 1/2-inch panels. It’s ideal for skimming over existing plaster or walls and for covering up blemishes. The heaviest drywall is 5/8-inch, and this is used for ceilings and walls. It can also be used with wood frames and steel studs.

Choosing the right sizes for drywall installation is important, especially if you’re building a home. It can be confusing to know what’s available and how to figure out which one is right for you. To make your job easier, here’s a guide to the different sizes and thicknesses.

Aside from the obvious sizing requirements, there are other factors to consider. For instance, do you need to hang drywall over wooden studs or steel? If so, you’ll need drywall screws to get the job done.

Another issue to consider is the weight of drywall. Thicker drywall panels are typically more durable and will offer better moisture resistance and fire retardance. However, they are also heavier, so you may want to opt for the lighter variety.

Whether you’re constructing a new home or renovating an older one, you may wonder if you should use drywall or plaster to complete the project. Both are popular options for interior walls, but there are a few key differences between the two that you should know.

For starters, drywall is less expensive than plaster. It’s also much simpler to install. This is especially true if you are working on your own. However, hiring a professional to complete the job can be cost-effective.

Drywall has electrical outlets and can be cut to fit doorways and windows. In addition, drywall is easier to maintain. This means you can keep your home looking its best longer.

While drywall is a more durable option, plaster is smoother. If you’re trying to hang a picture, it’s important to choose a material that will not crack or splinter. Another advantage of drywall is that it can be easily textured. You can put a smooth coat of paint on the surface or combine it with wallpaper.

Finishing drywall is the final step in any project. This process aims to make the wall surface smooth and uniform. To get the best results, it is important to understand how to prepare the drywall for painting. First, a clean room is needed. Doors, windows, and furniture in the workspace should be covered to prevent dust from entering. Safety goggles should also be worn to prevent any dust from getting into the eyes.

Secondly, mark the location of the joists and other framing components with chalk lines. These marks should be at least a quarter of an inch away from the wall. If your walls have curved arches, use a quarter-inch sheet of drywall. Next, place the first drywall board flush against the top corner of the wall. Secure the drywall with five evenly spaced screws.

Hardwood Floor Installation

Hardwood Floor Installation

Hardwood floor installation is not something that should be rushed into. It is a highly labor-intensive process, especially if you are doing it yourself. If you will hire someone to install it for you, make sure they have the proper experience and tools for the job. 

If you are considering installing hardwood floors, you need to consider the size of the room where you plan on placing them. Wood flooring installation is done in four stages: laying the individual boards, nailing in place, staining, and sealing. Laying out the individual boards first involves:

  • Measuring the space you have to fit the boards.
  • Marking lines to indicate where they will go.
  • Preparing the subfloor so that the boards can be installed properly.

For larger rooms, this process might take more time.

The next step in hardwood floor installation is nailing in place the boards. This is best done with a carpenter’s tack strip, but any good quality wood screws will do. Marking the subfloor as you go ensures that the boards will be installed in the right place and won’t be mixed up. Once the nails are in place, start staining the floor.

Once the stain has been applied, it will be time to seal it and protect it from moisture. In order to do this, you will need to work in three areas – the subfloor, the hardwood floor installation area, and the brackets and struts. The hardwood floor installation area should be sealed with an attractive water resistant sealer. Be sure to read the instructions carefully and follow all the steps to the letter.

Next, take the time to plan and shop around for the best price on the hardwood floor installation kit you need. Compare prices at different retailers and compare quality. You may want to consult a professional who deals with hardwood floors to get advice about what brands and types of flooring will work well in your home. You will likely have to pay a labor fee when you hire someone to install the kit, so do your homework ahead of time.

If money is not an issue, then solid wood flooring may be what you want to consider for your installation. Engineered hardwood floors are becoming more popular for DIYers and are also less costly than solid wood flooring. These types of installations are created by combining natural wood products like bamboo, cork and birch into engineered floors that look just like the real thing. Engineered hardwood floor installation requires building a solid frame for the floor, installing the sheet and adding the engineered floor coverings. If you choose this route, then you will probably have to hire a professional to put it all together for you.

There are other ways to go about hardwood floor installation without having to hire anyone. If you are comfortable with using basic tools, then you can probably install your own engineered hardwood floors. This is usually best for homeowners who are comfortable doing their own work and know what they are doing. Homeowners can purchase or borrow tools from a local hardware store. If you are installing engineered hardwood floors yourself, then you can find everything you need at a big box store or online.

Hardwood installation can be done in as little as one day if you are working with solid wood. Solid wood is usually more expensive than engineered, but the savings you make can make up for the difference in price. You can install hardwood floors yourself and save yourself the cost of hiring a professional. If you need help, then there are plenty of books and online articles teaching you how to properly do hardwood installation. You should never have any problems putting your hardwood floor installation together and will soon have floors that you can enjoy for many years to come.